To Catch a Predator (partially found chatlogs, uncut interviews and police interrogations of Dateline NBC reality series; 2004-2007)

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To Catch a Predator logo

Status: Partially Found

To Catch a Predator (also abbreviated to TCAP) is a hidden camera investigation series broadcast on TV news program Dateline NBC from 2004-2007. The premise involved host Chris Hansen confronting adult men arriving at a stinghouse with the intent to have sex with underage teens, following an often-graphic online conversation with the child. In reality, the "minors" were adult decoys from the online watchdog group Perverted Justice, who would establish online profiles of underage individuals that would wait for adults to initiate a conversation with them. Twelve investigations were conducted, resulting in the arrests and convictions for the majority of men that arrived at the stinghouses. Since then, fans of the show have sought out the chatlogs, uncut Hansen interviews and uncut police interrogations involving these men, with these media being coveted among TCAP enthusiasts.

Background[edit | edit source]

Chatlogs are the first point of contact between a potential predator and a Perverted Justice decoy. Perverted Justice volunteers would create fake profiles pretending to be underage teens interested in sex, across multiple notable chatrooms, including MSN, AOL and Yahoo!, and wait for adults to contact them.[1] Upon receiving contact with a potential predator, the chatlogs are recorded, where most chats will swiftly turn towards meeting up for sex. Many of the predators would describe in graphic detail what they wanted to do with the decoys, while also sending pornographic pictures to them. The chatlogs were already enough to incriminate most predators, which depending on the state, could see them be charged with a misdemeanour or a felony.[2] In the first two stings for Dateline NBC, Perverted Justice immediately posted the chatlogs upon successful busts.

However, when police were involved from the Riverside sting onwards, the watchdog would only post chatlogs where a conviction was achieved, taking down all pre-2006 chats where convictions were not made as part of the Information First scheme.[3] Nevertheless, all chatlogs from Bethpage and Fairfax are accessible through Web Archive, while because most predators were ultimately convicted in the other stings, their chatlogs are still accessible on the Perverted Justice website to the present day. However, some chatlogs were never published, usually when an acquittal has occurred, while others were not published because some predators absconded prior to convictions.

After agreeing online to meet in person, the predator would then enter the stinghouse, only to be confronted by Chris Hansen. Often, the broadcast of the segment would be edited for the sake of brevity and for entertainment purposes. Nevertheless, uncut footage would sometimes be accessible. Most notably, most uncut Riverside and Ohio interviews were published on MSNBC, which was NBC's digital subscriber service.[4] While these clips can no longer be accessed on MSNBC, some have resurfaced on YouTube. Others remain missing as of the present day.

Finally, highlights of police interrogations were also shown in some broadcasts, often being the last piece of media featuring a highlighted predator. Of those that have been found, most originate from the Greenville, Flagler Beach and Bowling Green stings, and were obtained thanks to FOIA requests.[5] Whereas some clips from other stings were included in the television broadcasts, others, including from Fort Myers and Ocean County, have never been publicly released in any form.

Bethpage, New York[edit | edit source]

The first sting was conducted in May 2004, which saw 19 men show up over a period of three days.[6] Perverted Justice and Dateline NBC had not yet teamed with police to conduct a parallel investigation, and so all bar Ryan Hogan, a New York City Fire Department member, were not arrested following their busts. Hogan would later be arrested and convicted,[7] although his police interrogation video has never surfaced online. No uncut Hansen confrontations have leaked, but because Perverted Justice published all chatlogs immediately following the sting, they are all accessible on archived versions of its website.

Predator Chatlog
Steve Found
Musti Found
Eddie Found
Craig Found
Esteban Found
Mike Found
Matt "Darkhero" Dooley Found
Ryan Hogan Found

Fairfax, Virginia[edit | edit source]

The Fairfax, Virginia sting was conducted in November 2005. Over three days, another 19 men showed up. Among them include David Kaye, a Rabbi; Steven Bennof, a special education teacher; Dr. Jeffery Beck, an emergency room doctor; Joe Wunderler, an Army Sergeant who also planned to commit bestiality on a dog; and John Kennelly, who not only entered the house naked but also set up another meeting with an underage boy a day later. Controversy did arise, as Fairfax County police were reluctant to arrest any of the predators. However, pressure from Perverted Justice meant that the majority who were featured in the episode were charged and convicted.[8]

As before, all chatlogs were immediately posted on the Perverted Justice website and can be accessed through Web Archive links. In addition, Rabbi David Kaye's uncut Hansen confrontation was uploaded to YouTube on October 30th, 2008, and currently remains as the only uncut Fairfax interview that is publicly accessible.

Predator Chatlog Uncut Hansen Confrontation
Aladdin Shamoun Found Lost
Joe Wunderler Found Lost
Steven Bennof Found Lost
Dr. Jeffrey Beck Found Lost
Rabbi David Kaye Found Found
John Kennelly Found (both chatlogs) Lost (both encounters)
Yonas Getachew Found Lost

Riverside, California[edit | edit source]

The Riverside, California sting was conducted in January 2006 and saw a record 51 men arrive at the house over three days. This was the first sting to feature direct police involvement, and thus saw the arrests of 50 men. One was released without charge due to appearing alongside Sebastian Rodriguez. As it was the latter who initiated the chatlog, only he was charged and later convicted. Among notable predators who featured in the Riverside, sting includes Walter Babst, a high school teacher; Daniel Allen, who was previously convicted of spousal abuse; Joseph Federico, who was previously convicted of manslaughter; and a few who were already registered sex offenders, including Robert Lyons, Jean Pierre Wehry, Gregory Karnos, and Thomas Bodnar.[9]

As the chatlogs were used in a pending police investigation, they would not be published unless a conviction was made. In all, 48 were convicted, with William Lawrence Havey having been found innocent,[10] and Charles Harding having died in jail as a result of not taking his medication. The majority of chatlogs are accessible on Perverted Justice's website as of the present day, including Harding's as part of "Other Resolutions" seeing as he had neither been convicted nor acquitted.[11] However, the chatlogs of Kurt Lemke, Chris Moore and Thomas Bodnar remain inaccessible to this day. Jean Pierre Wehry's unique email conversation with the decoy was also not published but would be uploaded to YouTube by Joey's TCAP Channel on May 26th, 2017.

While no police interrogations are currently accessible, some uncut Hansen confrontations are viewable as they were included as part of the MSNBC subscription service, being uploaded to YouTube years later.

Predator Chatlog Uncut Hansen Confrontation
Kurt Lemke Lost Found
Walter Babst Found Found
Scott Smith Found Lost
Jerry Griffitt Found Found
Christopher Moore Lost Found
Steven Coates Found Lost
Daniel Pulido Found Found
Keith Williams Found Found
Erik Pallesen Found Lost
Michael Burks Found N/A
Sebastian Rodriguez Found Found
Christopher Urban Found Lost
Paul Constantinescu Found Lost
Inderjeet Singh Found Lost
Charles Harding Found Found
Roberto Forte Found Found
Abraham Koujababian Found Lost
Daniel Allen Found Found
Joseph Federico Found N/A
Robert Lyons Found Found
Jean Pierre Wehry Found Found
Gregory Karnos Found Found
Thomas Bodnar Lost Found

Unaired[edit | edit source]

In addition to the predators who featured in the main televised broadcast, some uncut interviews of unfeatured men were published on MSNBC. It is suspected thanks to analyzing data from currently inaccessible Web Archive pages of MSNBC that additional uncut interviews featuring other unaired predators were indeed available, but have not resurfaced since.[12][13][14][15] As for chatlogs, all bar Hyung Paek's are accessible, Paek having absconded prior to his trial.[16]

Predator Chatlog Uncut Hansen Confrontation
Corey Ahia Found Found
Rafiullah Ahmadi Found Found
Richer Breault Found Found
Nicolas Cocos Found Found
Andre Jackson Found Found
Jerry Kosis Found Found
Hyung Paek Lost Found
Michael Seibert (1st) Found Found
Gilbert Sutherland Found Found
John Christopher Weaver Found Found
Victor Wells Found Found

Greenville, Ohio[edit | edit source]

The Greenville, Ohio sting was conducted in March 2006 and saw seventeen men be arrested over a three-day period.[17] Among notable predators include James Rutherford, a teacher[18]; and Kevin Westerbeck, who not only was set to go to prison a day after the sting as he had previously been convicted for appearing at an earlier sting, but also would later be convicted for sexually abusing his underage niece.[19] All men who showed up were convicted, and thus their chatlogs are accessible on the Perverted Justice website. Additionally, some uncut interviews and police interrogations would be uploaded to MSNBC, and eventually be re-uploaded to YouTube. Others were previously available on MSNBC based on Web Archive data but currently remain missing.[20][21][22]

Predator Chatlog Uncut Hansen Confrontation Uncut Police Interrogation
Alonzo Wade Found Lost Lost
Nathan Downhour Found Found Found
Jason Schoeppner Found Found Lost
Timothy Isaac Found Lost Lost
Davut Ozkan Found Found Found
Josh Tuttle Found Lost Lost
John Frantz Found Lost Lost
Ronnelle Stephens-Tun Found Found Lost
James Rutherford Found Found Found
Jay Reffner Found Lost Found
Roger Brummitt Found Lost Lost
Kenneth Brinkman Found Found Found
Jeffery Stacy Found Found Found
Robb Kline Found Lost Found
Glenn Mitchell Found N/A Lost
Kevin Westerbeck Found Found Found

Unaired[edit | edit source]

Nineteen-year-old Nicolas Bailey also showed up and ended up being convicted. His chatlog and uncut Hansen interview are currently accessible, but his uncut police interrogation has never been publicly seen.

Predator Chatlog Uncut Hansen Confrontation Uncut Police Interrogation
Nicolas Bailey Found Found Lost

Fort Myers, Florida[edit | edit source]

The Fort Myers, Florida sting was conducted in April 2006. Over three days, 24 men between the ages of 21 to 61 were arrested.[23] Among notable predators include Clifford Wallach, who brought his five-year-old son with him to the stinghouse;[24] and Marvin Lakhan, who entered the house naked and wanted a girl to commit bestiality on a cat.[25]

Of the men arrested, three would be acquitted. These included Michael Wilusz and Brian Gosselin, whose attorneys demanded Perverted Justice's hard drives for a court-ordered inspection, with the organization refusing to comply and thus allowing Wilusz and Gosselin to walk free. Meanwhile, Thomas Moffitt was found innocent because his attorney successfully convinced the jury that since Moffitt did not enter the house and was "trying to leave", he had not committed a crime. [26] The remaining predators were convicted, with their chatlogs published on the website. The chatlogs of Wilusz and Gosselin would later be found and reuploaded as part of a Google Drive file, but Moffitt's remains missing. No uncut interview footage nor police interrogations have ever been released publicly for this sting.

Predator Chatlog
Michael Wilusz Found
David Schumacher Found
Dennis Ramsey Found
Thomas Moffitt Lost
Ellahzar Henson Found
Fredi Fernandez Found
Jose "Pepe" Falcon Found
Thomas Coffen Found
Eric Thornton Found
Donald Morrison Found
Clifford Wallach Found
Raul Brenes Found
Brian Gosselin Found
Kenneth Forton Found
Elias Bailon Found
Lee Greer Found
Ryan McIntosh Found
Dallas Lee Found
Thomas Campbell Found
Marvin Lakhan Found

Fortson, Georgia[edit | edit source]

The Fortson, Georgia sting was conducted in July 2006 and saw 20 men be arrested over several days.[27] Among them included Cody Green, who later faced additional charges for indecently exposing himself to an eight-year-old girl at a swimming pool;[28] and Rolando Restocruz, an Iraqi war veteran.[29] With the exception of Abhilash Bhaskaran, who absconded prior to his trial,[30] all the predators were convicted, and thus their chatlogs were published on Perverted Justice's website. No uncut Hansen interviews nor full police interrogations have ever resurfaced online.

Predator Chatlog
Denis Coulson Found
Christopher Cannon Found
John Adam Daniels Found
Matthew Cogburn Found
George Cleary Found
Peter Sciacca Found
Jim Klein Found
Cody Green Found
Marvin Harrison Smith Found
David Hilbish Found
Reymundo Anguiano Found
Todd West Found
William Rowell Found
Gerald White Found
Brian Lindsey Found
Marshall Girtman Found
Rolando Restocruz Found
Joseph Myrick Found
Abhilash Bhaskaran Lost

Petaluma, California[edit | edit source]

The Petaluma, California sting was conducted in August 2006 and saw 31 men be arrested over three days. Among them include Piedmont physician and cancer research specialist Dr. Maurice Wolin; and Joseph Roisman, a Navy sailor who would ultimately be acquitted because the Judge accused Dateline NBC and Perverted Justice of entrapment.[31][32] Thus, Roisman's chatlog was never published, though many others would. The chatlogs of Pulkit Mathur and Kanishk Lakhanpal also went unpublished, the former having absconded, and the latter is not charged due to lack of sexual intent in his chatlog as noted in the episode.[33] Chandra Nunna's chatlog is also not currently available for unknown reasons.[34] No uncut interview footage nor police interrogations have ever resurfaced online.

Predator Chatlog
Norberto Avalos Found
Jonathan Stemen Found
Mike Vestal Found
Manuel Uson Found
Valkunth Soundararajan Found
Fernando Bernal Found
Juan Henry Guzman Found
Shaka Khan Found
Steven Cartlidge Found
Jeffrey Couture Found
Mohammed Aksoum Found
Jaime Mendieta Found
Jaswinder Cheema Found
Joseph Roisman Lost
Yancy Wallace Found
Anurag Tawari Found
Chandra Nunna Lost
Pulkit Mathur Lost
Kanishk Lakhanpal Lost
Dr. Maurice Wolin Found

Long Beach, California[edit | edit source]

The Long Beach, California sting was conducted in September 2006 and saw 38 men be arrested. Among notable predators include Michael Warrecker, who had a rape fetish;[35] and Michael Seibert, who had previously been caught in the Riverside sting.[36] All the men highlighted in the episode were ultimately convicted, with their chatlogs published on the Perverted Justice website. Additionally, a few uncut videos concerning the interviews of Warrecker, Paul Clemente, Seibert and Corey Edgar have also been uploaded to YouTube. However, with notable jumpcuts as well as some broadcasted footage not being included in the uncut videos, it is clear that not all of these Hansen confrontations have been found as of yet. No police interrogations have ever been made public for this sting.

Predator Chatlog Uncut Hansen Confrontation
Michael Warrecker Found Partially Found
Matthew Bland Found N/A
Matthew Nash Found Lost
Selvin Galeano Found Lost
Paul Clemente Found Partially Found
Robert Salinas Found Lost
James Cisneros Found Lost
Robert Culbertson Found Lost
Justin Smith Found Lost
Qays Mahjoob Found Lost
Michael Seibert (2nd) Found Partially Found
Corye Blagg Found Lost
Farzad Kalantari Found Lost
Satinder Thind Found Lost
Josiah Walker Found Lost
Joshua Larios Found Lost
Maroof Farooq Found N/A. However, Farooq and another man sent in a fifteen-year-old to "scout" the area, where he was confronted by Hansen. This uncut confrontation is also lost.
Loren Hayden Found N/A
Alvin King Found N/A
Frank Sierras Found Lost
Brandon/Robert Williams Found N/A
Corey Edgar Found Partially Found

Murphy, Texas[edit | edit source]

The Murphy, Texas sting was conducted in November 2006 and saw 25 men being caught in the sting. The Murphy proved to be the most infamous and controversial in the show's history. Not only were many Murphy residents unhappy with Dateline NBC appearing in their town, to the point where some conducted a protest outside the stinghouse, but it also saw the suicide of Louis Conradt, an assistant district attorney following a botched arrest at his home.[37] Following the Conradt suicide, the Texas district attorney decided not to press charges for the predators caught in the sting.[38] Thus, very little media outside of the episodes themselves are publicly accessible.

Conradt's chatlog would later be published on the Perverted Justice website under "Other Resolutions",[39] whereas the chatlog of Stanley Kendall, a teacher caught in the sting, would eventually be uploaded to YouTube by Joey's TCAP Channel on August 12th, 2019. Joey would also upload Edward Hollingsworth V's chatlog on October 14th, 2021.

Predator Chatlog
Timothy Gilliam Lost
Randall Wolford Lost
Patrick Parr Lost
Milan Mehta Lost
Justin Estes Lost
Sajjad Mohammad Lost
William Dow Lost
Alan Chernay Lost
Stanley Kendall Found
Christopher Cothrum Lost
Eric Rubalcava Lost
Timothy Knowles Lost
David Pann Lost
Edward Hollingsworth V Found
John Baker Lost
Steve Rosello Lost
Louis Conradt Found

Flagler Beach, Florida[edit | edit source]

The Flagler Beach, Florida sting was conducted in December 2006 and saw the arrests of 21 men over four days. Among them include James Wiles, who not only claimed that he could not have sex, but also admitted in his interrogation that he was previously accused of sexually abusing his own children; Safraz Khan and Yazan Asfour, who appeared at the stinghouse within five minutes of each other, and were thus interviewed together by Hansen; and Todd Spikes, an Alabama policeman who was found to have multiple guns in his car.[40] 18 would be convicted, with their chatlogs published on Perverted Justice's website. Wiles, Asfour and Mohammed Abdallah would later abscond,[41][42][43] with Wiles being re-arrested in November 2009,[44] only to die in 2010 before his trial because he refused to take his medications.[45] Thus, all three chatlogs were not published on Perverted Justice's website, but Wiles' chatlog would be uploaded to YouTube by Joey's TCAP Channel on August 25th, 2020.

Additionally, while no uncut Hansen interviews have ever resurfaced, almost all the Flagler Beach police interrogations have been uploaded to YouTube by The Cappening Channel through freedom of information requests.[46] Only David Wagner's interrogation is currently inaccessible.

Predator Chatlog Uncut Police Interrogation
Mohammed Abdallah Lost Found
Brian Dory Found Found, Found
William Roach Found Found, Found
Deepak Bist Found Found, Found
Anthony Sorrentino Found Found, Found
David Wagner Found Lost
Charles Gregory Green Found Found, Found
Brian Ruffino Found Found, Found
Michael Collins Found Found
Safraz Khan Found Found
Yazan Asfour Lost Found
Daniel Kelly Found Found, Found, Found
Michael Reyes Found Found, Found
James Wiles Found Found, Found, Found
David Demers Found Found, Found
Oanh Le Found Found
Lance Fine Found Found
Todd Spikes Found Found

Ocean County, New Jersey[edit | edit source]

The Ocean County, New Jersey sting was conducted from late March to early April 2007 and saw the arrests of 28 men. Among them include Todd Lewis, a registered sex offender previously convicted of sexually abusing a young girl he met online; and Kazuo Akutsu, who ended up passing out and crashing into a bar counter in the sting house.[47][48] Almost all of the men were convicted, aside from Tech Sergeant Ernest Timmons, Timmons having passed away while in jail because of liver failure. His chatlog was published on Perverted Justice's website as part of "Other Resolutions".[49] The remaining chatlogs were also published on the website, with the exception of Savio Noronha's, with speculation being he managed to be acquitted of the charges against him.[50] No uncut Hansen footage nor police interrogations have been made publicly accessible.

Predator Chatlog
Gregory Stewart Found
Chris Raynor Found
David Russell Found
Eugene Daily Found
Daniel Figueroa Found
Selwyn Knights Found
Dwayne Chisholm Found
James Erick Santil Found
Ziegfeld Rivera Found
Michael Lubrano Found
Robert Graber Found
Ernest Timmons Found
Malik Washington Found
Richard Burnham Found
Howard Thornton III Found
James Marcotte Found
Anthony Palumbo Found
Savio Noronha Lost
Jeremy Keister Found
Michael Murray Found
John Donnelly Found
Thomas Shin Found
Terry Warner Found
Todd Lewis Found
Kazuo Akutsu Found

Bowling Green, Kentucky[edit | edit source]

Finally, the Bowling Green, Kentucky sting was conducted in October 2007 and resulted in the arrests of seven men over four days.[51] Among them included Lorne Armstrong, who had a 407-page chatlog and showed up on his birthday; Travis Fowler, a registered sex offender convicted in 1995 for sexually abusing an underage teen; and Dustin McPhetridge, a sufferer of cerebral palsy who was previously caught chatting inappropriately online with teenage girls and of whom possessed many indecent images of children.[52] Also included were highlights of the Highland Heights sting Dateline NBC was not involved with, with a segment on Jim Rauch, a University of Cincinnati faculty member whose police interrogation and phone conversation with the decoy became famous among the TCAP community.[53]

All the predators featured were convicted, and thus their chatlogs were published on the Perverted Justice website. A freedom of information request also proved successful in gaining all of the police interrogations. The only missing interrogation media for Bowling Green is the video for Jeremy Todd West. As for uncut interviews, two were uploaded to YouTube having originated from an unusual source. It was revealed that the uncut Lorne Armstrong interview was actually sent by Armstrong to a catfish of his, believing that NBC unfairly represented him in the broadcast and that the uncut footage would show him in a better light when seen by others. Also included in the tape was Travis Fowler's segment.[54] The rest have yet to see the light of day.

Predator Chatlog Uncut Hansen Confrontation Uncut Police Interrogation
Jim Rauch Found N/A Found
John Wesley Elliot Found Lost Found
Jeremy Todd West Found Lost Audio Found, Video Lost
Lorne Armstrong Found Found Found
Dustin McPhetridge Found Lost Found
Richard Watwood Found Lost Found
Travis Fowler Found Found Found, Found
Michael Patterson Found Lost Found

See Also[edit | edit source]

External Links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Perverted Justice home page discussing having decoys in MSN, AOL and Yahoo! chatroom back in the early-to-mid 2000s. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  2. NBC News explaining how the chatlogs alone were enough to be charged with a misdemeanour in California, but that showing up is a felony. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  3. Perverted Justice explaining the Information First scheme that led to chatlogs not being published unless convictions were secured. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  4. Web Archive of MSNBC, which provided uncut TCAP interviews for Riverside and Ohio. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  5. 4Archive discussing how some police interrogations were obtained through FOIA requests. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  6. Perverted Justice page concerning the Bethpage, New York sting. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  7. Perverted Justice's Chatlog Conviction page for Ryan Hogan. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  8. Perverted Justice page concerning the Fairfax, Virginia sting. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  9. Perverted Justice page concerning the Riverside, California sting. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  10. Will & Will article concerning William Lawrence Havey being acquitted. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  11. Perverted Justice's "Other Resolutions" page for Charles Harding. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  12. Web Archive showcasing a blocked MSNBC page containing Riverside TCAP footage, including ones for Erik Pallesen, Abraham Koujababian and Dan Swinney, all of which are currently inaccessible. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  13. Web Archive showcasing a blocked MSNBC page containing TCAP footage, including one for John Mahon, which is inaccessible currently. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  14. Web Archive showcasing a blocked MSNBC page containing TCAP Riverside footage, including one for John Mahon, which is inaccessible currently. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  15. Web Archive showcasing additional Riverside footage, including for Jorge Correa's bust. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  16. Perverted Justice's Most Wanted page concerning Hyung Paek. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  17. Daily Advocate article concerning the Greenville, Ohio sting. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  18. Fox 19 article concerning the arrest of James Rutherford. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  19. NBC News article concerning Kevin Westerbeck and his crimes. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  20. Web Archive showcasing several uncut Ohio interviews that currently cannot be accessed. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  21. Web Archive showcasing more uncut Ohio videos. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  22. Third Web Archive link showcasing potentially lost uncut Ohio footage. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  23. Naple News article concerning the Fort Myers, Florida sting. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  24. Naples News article concerning Clifford Wallach and his conviction. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  25. Naples News article concerning Marvin Lakhan. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  26. Temple of TCAP page discussing why the three Fort Myers predators were acquitted. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  27. Ledger-Enquirer article concerning the Fortson, Georgia sting. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  28. Forsyth News concerning Cody Green and his subsequent arrest. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  29. NBC News article concerning the Fortson, Georgia sting and Rolando Restocruz. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  30. Perverted Justice's Most Wanted page for Abhilash Bhaskaran. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  31. Press Democrat article concerning the Petaluma, California sting. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  32. Daily Mail article concerning Joseph Roisman being acquitted. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  33. Perverted Justice's Most Wanted page for Pulkit Mathur. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  34. Temple of TCAP forum concerning Chandra Nunna's missing chatlog. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  35. NBC News article concerning the Long Beach, California sting and Michael Warrecker. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  36. Los Angeles Times article concerning the Long Beach, California sting and Michael Seibert's second appearance. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  37. Esquire article detailing the botched arrest and ultimately, the suicide of Louis Conradt. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  38. Fox News article concerning the Texas district attorney's decision not to press charges on the Murphy predators. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  39. Perverted Justice's "Other Resolutions" page for Louis Conradt. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  40. NBC News article concerning the Flagler Beach, Florida sting, and James Wiles, Safraz Khan and Yazan Asfour, and Todd Spikes. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  41. Perverted Justice's Most Wanted page for Yazan Asfour. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  42. Perverted Justice's Most Wanted page for Yazan Asfour. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  43. Perverted Justice's Most Wanted page for Mohammed Abdallah. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  44. Temple of TCAP post discussing James Wiles being re-arrested in November 2009. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  45. Temple of TCAP post concerning the death of James Wiles. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  46. Temple of TCAP post discussing how the Flagler Beach, Florida police interrogations resurfaced online. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  47. NBC News article concerning the Ocean County, New Jersey sting and its predators. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  48. Trib Live article concerning the conviction of Todd Lewis. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  49. Perverted Justice's "Other Resolutions" page for Ernest Timmons. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  50. Temple of TCAP forum theorizing why Savio Noronha's chatlog was never published. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  51. ColumbiaMagazine discussing the Bowling Green, Kentucky sting. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  52. NBC News article discussing the Bowling Green, Kentucky sting, and its predators. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  53. Temple of TCAP discussing Jim Rauch's notability within the TCAP community. Retrieved 8 Aug '21
  54. Temple of TCAP discussing how the uncut interviews of Lorne Armstrong and Travis Fowler were found. Retrieved 8 Aug '21